Fremont is a city in California which was formed from the merger of five smaller communities: Centerville, Irvington, Mission San Jose, Niles, and Warm Springs. Fremont is located in the southeast area of the San Francisco Bay Area in Alameda County. The city is named after John Charles Frémont, "the Great Pathfinder."
Fremont is the fourth most populous city in the San Francisco Bay Area. It had the largest Afghan population in the United States in 2001 and still has a large Afghan population today. The best-selling novel The Kite Runner was based partly in Fremont’s Afghan community. The diverse city demographics includes many Asian ethnic groups, including Indians, Chinese, Taiwanese, and other Asian groups, concentrated most heavily in the Mission San Jose District.
The recorded history of the Fremont area began on June 9, 1797 when Mission San José was founded by the Spanish Missionary Father Fermin de Lasuen. The Mission was established at the site of the Ohlone native village of Oroysom. It prospered, eventually reaching a population of 1,886 inhabitants in 1831.
From 1912-1916 the Niles section of Fremont was the earliest home of California's motion picture industry. Charlie Chaplin filmed several movies in Fremont, most notably "The Tramp."
Fremont was incorporated in 1956, when five towns in the area came together to form a city. Fremont became more industrialized in the 1950s and 1960s. The 1980s brought an automotive assembly plant of Toyota and General Motors called NUMMI. A boom in high-tech employment in the 1980s and 1990s, especially in the Warm Springs District, caused rapid development in the city.
Fremont is the sister city to Elizabeth, South Australia and Fukaya, Saitama in Japan.